Sunday, May 26, 2013

Dominican Republic

Dominican Republic

The Dominican Republic
Capital: Santo Domingo
48,492 square km
Second largest economy in the Caribbean
Share a border with Haiti on the island of Hispaniola. Influx of Haitian refugees.

The Dominican Republic gained independence from Haiti in 1844.

The U.S. invaded the Dominican Republic in 1916 and occupied it until 1924.
The U.S. invaded and occupied the Dominican Republic again from 1965-1966.

There has been a draw down in military forces since the Cubans have drawn down their numbers after the collapse of the Soviet Union. The military of the Dominican Republic seems to have been deliberately built up by the U.S. to counter the Cuban military in the Caribbean. Also used to control the drug trade in the area and also to help turn back the influx of Haitian refugees seeking asylum in the U.S.. Much of the weaponry and equipment has been “donated” by the U.S. over the years. The U.S. seems to have used the Dominican Republic as an extension of the U.S. military in so called Latin America.

Over 30 airports and airstrips throughout the nation.
Cuerpo Especializado en Seguridad Aeroportuaria y de la Aviacion Civil (CESAC)

Cuerpo Especializado de Seguridad de Portuaria (CESEP)- Specialized Port Security Corps

Cuerpo Especializado de Seguridad Turistica (CESTUR)- Specializes Tourist Safety Corp

Cuerpo Especializado para la Seguridad del Metro (CESMET)- Specialized Metro Safety Corp

Servicio Nacional de Proteccion Ambiental (SENPA)- National Environmental Protection

Second largest military in the Caribbean
Around 44,000 total military personnel

Fuerzas Aerea Dominica (FAD)
Dominican Air Force
5,500 personnel
2 Air Bases
35 aircraft

Base Aerea de San Isidro (near Santo Domingo)
Base Aerea de Puerto Plato (near Puerto Plato)

EMB 314 Super Tucano trainer/light attack aircraft (8)

CASA C212 Aviocar transport aircraft (3)

ENAER T-35 Pilan trainer aircraft. Made in Chile. (5)

Dauphin helicopter
UH-1 helicopters (11)
OH-58 Kiowa helicopters (10)
OH-6 Cayuse helicopter
Schweizer 333 helicopters (3)

The A37 Dragonfly aircraft were retired in 2001

1 Three dimensional (3D) radar

Comando de Fuerzas Especiales- Special Forces unit belonging to the Air Force of the Dominican Republic.

Dominican Air Force personnel

Armada de Republica Dominicana
About 4,000 personnel

Naval Ensign

Naval Jack

2 main naval bases
Over 25 vessels (mostly patrol and interceptor craft)
Base Naval “27 de Febrero” in Santo Domingo. Includes a Naval Academy.
Base Naval de Las Calderas located in the Peravia Province. The largest of the two naval bases. Includes the Naval Shipyard Bahia Las Calderas (ANABALCA)

Ex U.S. Coast Guard cutter vessel (1)
PA 301

Ex U.S. Coast Guard White Class Buoy Tender (2)

Ex U.S. Coast Guard Point Class Cutters

Seaward Class patrol boats (4)


Swiftships 110' Class patrol boats (2)


Swiftships 35 meter patrol boat

Damen Stan Patrol 1500 Class patrol boats

Interceptor Nor-Tec 4300 Class (4)

Defender Class speed boats (8)

Auxiliary Vessels
Tug Boats (3)

Dredger (1)

Oil Fuel Barge (1)

Landing Craft, Utility (1)

Floating Dock (1)

Batallon de Infanteria de Marina
Naval Infantry
Black berets

Naval Commandos?

Naval Auxiliary Corps

Ejercito Nacional Dominicano (ERD)
24,000 active duty personnel

M-41 light tanks (12)

AMX-13 light tanks?
AML-90 armored reconnaissance vehicles? (22)?
V-150 Commando armored vehicles (8)
M2/M3 half track armored vehicles (25)

HMMWV utility vehicles (8)
URO VAMTAC Spanish made 4x4 wheeled light armored utility vehicles. Similar to HMMWV in appearance. (60)
Carolina Growler- 4x4 wheeled utility vehicles. Rebuilt M151 Mutt. (80)

Carolina Wolverine- 4x4 wheeled (30)
Land Rovers
M35 2 ½ ton cargo trucks

OH-58 Kiowa scout helicopters with night vision cameras (9)
Robinson R22 training helicopters (4)
Robinson R44 utility helicopters (2)

Bofors M/45 towed 105mm anti-tank guns
M3 37mm towed anti-tank guns
AT4 anti-tank rocket launchers?
M40 106mm recoilless rifles

M203 under barrel grenade launchers

M2HB Browning .50 cal machine guns
FN-MAG machine guns
FN Minimi
M-60 machine guns
M-16 assault rifles
M-14 assault rifles
Galil assault rifles
M-4 carbines
FN P90
HK MP-5 sub-machine guns
Browning Hi Power pistols
Jericho 941 pistols
Brazilian made Taurus PT92 pistols

Cristobal M2 and Cristobal M1962- .30 cal carbines made in the Dominican Republic. Produced in the 1960's.

ECIA 120mm mortars
M-29 81mm mortars
M2 60mm mortars
M-30 4.2 inch mortars
Reinosa 105mm howitzers (12)
M-101 105mm howitzers (4)

Air Defense
Hispano-Suiza HS-404 20mm anti-aircraft guns (4)?
M-55 towed 20mm anti-aircraft guns
Bofors L/70 towed 40mm anti-aircraft guns ?

Special Forces
Cazadores (Hunters)
Green beret

Cuerpo Especializado de Seguridad Fronteriza (CESFRONT)- Border Guard

Presidential Guard
Orange beret

Comando Especial Contraterrorista

Policia Nacional
National police force of around 32,000

Unidad SWAT

Unidad Lince (Lynx Unit) special motorized police unit.

Direccion Central Antinarcoticos (DICAN)

Direccion Central de Invesigaciones (DICRIM)
Central Criminal Investigation Direction. Branch of the Policia Nacional.
Direccion Central de Asuntos Internos (DICAI)
Central Directorate of Internal Affairs

Direccion Central de Inteligencia Delictiva (DINTEL)

Direccion Nacional de Inteligencia (DNI)- National Directorate of Intelligence

J2- Military Intelligence

ANABALCA- Shipbuilding and ship repair company.

Dominican Republic Armed Forces pictures

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